Interesting facts:

  In the first days after birth, bees engage in internal nest work, but towards the end of their lives, they focus on protecting the nest from external enemies.

  After stinging, if the stinger remains, the bee dies.

  A bee can flap its wings 200 times per second when flying and can reach speeds of up to 65 km/h. Mosquitoes flap their wings 400 times per second but only fly at 3 km/h.

  Bees usually fly at a height of 9 meters above the ground.

  When flying with a full load of nectar, which can reach up to 75% of its weight, a bee's speed is up to 30 km/h.

  The further north, the more valuable the honey (nectar from flowers is released more slowly, therefore it is more saturated with minerals).

  It has been observed that beekeepers who receive several bee stings daily are less likely to suffer from various diseases.

  If a bee flies out of the hive and starts collecting nectar or pollen from the flowers of a plant, it continues to collect only from plants of that species. In this way, the bee performs a very important function in nature – pollination.

  There are flowers that have no nectar, from which bees collect only pollen. For example, wild roses, hazels, poppies.

  1 gram of honey contains about 10,000 pollen grains.

  Bees usually do not sting during swarming, as the food reserves they carry, sufficient for more than a week, hinder them from doing so.

  To make bees sting less, beekeepers smoke them before working in the hive. For bees, this is a danger signal (forest fire), so they try to take food in case they end up homeless. The taken honey load hinders stinging.

  Bees that fly to a foreign hive with a full load of honey are allowed in and accepted into the family.

Like bee cells, bee eyes are hexagonal and consist of 6,000 small hexagons.

  If a bee senses its death, it tries with its last strength to crawl out of the hive so that the other bees do not have to remove it.

Bees live in an ideal society, where collective intelligence prevails. Any bee will not hesitate to sacrifice its life to defend the collective's interests.

  If bees run out of food, the last drop of honey will be given to the queen bee. Because if the queen survives, the bee colony survives as well.

  Covering any area with hexagons is the most rational. Bees have fantastically mastered geometry. Quartz crystals, which can store a huge amount of information, have the same shape with diamonds on the sides.

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                                                Bee venom

Bee venom, also known as apitoxin, is a valuable medicinal agent that mobilizes the body's defense mechanisms to maintain health. The main therapeutic properties of apitoxin include increasing the hemoglobin content in the blood and reducing its viscosity, improving metabolism, inhibiting the development of atherosclerosis, and increasing the body's overall resistance to diseases.

In individuals who have not been previously stung by bees, swelling may occur at the site of the sting. However, after multiple stings over a period of two weeks, resistance develops, and swelling no longer occurs.

Apitoxin is a very powerful antibacterial substance. It is highly effective against staphylococci, streptococci, and the agents causing tuberculosis and diphtheria. Scientists do not fully understand the composition of bee venom. Apitoxin and some of its chemical compounds have no analogs in nature. It is a complex mixture of fats, amino acids, and proteins. Bee venom can be boiled for a long time or frozen without changing its composition and properties. It is the most durable and strong disinfecting substance in nature. In the human stomach, bee venom is completely processed.

We know that tick attachment spreads encephalitis and Lyme disease. While it is possible to vaccinate against encephalitis, long-lasting immunity cannot be developed against Lyme disease; thus, vaccines are not available. It has been studied that apitoxin destroys Borrelia burgdorferi, which are the causative agents of Lyme disease. Therefore, in folk medicine, immediately after removing the attached tick, a bee is applied next to this area to administer apitoxin (bee venom) and reduce the risk of contracting Lyme disease, against which vaccines do not work. This is related to the fact that the surface of Borrelia is very variable. For example, while streptococcus has only 8 genes, Borrelia has about 800 genes. It is very difficult for the immune system to develop antibodies against such an antigen, except maybe at the very start of infection when there is a small amount of Borrelia and a very strong immunity. Chemically synthesized preparations are also not very effective because as soon as they enter the organism, Borrelia encapsulates and is protected, whereas it does not hide from natural preparations, thus allowing them to be destroyed.

Apitoxin has a very beneficial effect on the human body as a whole, stimulating nerve cell activity, the immune system, increasing work capacity and overall tone. Sleep and appetite improve. Once in the human body, apitoxin dilates blood vessels. The amount of hemoglobin in the blood increases, the sedimentation rate of erythrocytes slows down, and the level of leukocytes in the blood increases. Bee venom stimulates the heart muscle, lowers elevated arterial pressure, and reduces the risk of atherosclerosis.

Interestingly, in studying centenarians who have exceeded the 100-year threshold, it has been surprisingly discovered that two-thirds of them are beekeepers or people who have had to deal with bee stings frequently.


Bee Venom Composition
Key components:
  1. Melittin. Makes up almost half of the entire composition. It affects the peripheral nervous system, enhances blood circulation, improves capillary permeability, and reduces blood coagulation (clotting), lowering blood pressure. It has been discovered that melittin can also be used as an anti-cancer agent.

  2. Histamine. Improves blood circulation, dilates blood vessels.

  3. Apamin. Consists of 18 amino acids and contains sulfur. It strongly irritates the nervous system and promotes the release of the stress hormone cortisol.

  4. Hyaluronidase. Increases capillary permeability and facilitates the spread of the injected venom into surrounding tissues.

  5. Adolapin. A protein that reduces inflammation and pain. Prevents erythrocytes from clumping together, thereby inhibiting thrombus formation.

  6. Phospholipase A2. Makes up about 12% of the total apitoxin composition. It is an enzyme with neurotropic properties that breaks down phospholipids, which make up cell membranes. Phospholipase A2 reduces blood coagulation (clotting).

  7. Norepinephrine. A hormone that neutralizes the effect of adrenaline.

  8. Dopamine. A hormone that stimulates purposefulness and creates a sense of satisfaction.